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HTML stands for HyperText Markup Language

Part 9: Internal Targets or Bookmarks

Now we are going to take a look at internal targets. Internal targets are links to another section of your web page. They allow us to specify and navigate through specific parts of a page. We can take you to a certain paragraph, or take you to the top. The Internal target or bookmark is a type of anchor tag that NAMES the location it surrounds.

1.Adding an anchor:  To begin. you must name whatever section you want to jump to. Just put an anchor before it and give it a name. Add the end of the anchor after it. 
Internal targets use the Name attribute of the anchor. This does not show as a hyperlink in the page.

<A NAME="top">Top</a>

2. Linking to a Name anchor: Hyperlinks to these internal targets refer to the location within the page, or the name attribute as #name. Before whatever you want the viewer to click on to go to that area you add a < a href="#"> tag using the same name as the internal target. Here I used the name "top". The linked words will be followed by the close of the anchor tag, </a>.

<A HREF="#top">This will take you to the page top</a>


3. Adding an internal target code to your lesson page: On your page code you have been working on in these lessons, add a target anchor right after your body tag, and before your sound, add this tag: and be sure to end it wih a </a>after your sound, so it will loook like this

<A NAME="top"><embed src="http://www.porshiana.com/sample.mid" volume="30%" hidden="false" autostart="true loop="true" height="100"></a>



4. Adding a link to your internal taget: At the bottom of your page right after you end your list, prior to the end of your body </body>, lets make a link to go back to the top. Is should appear like this:

<A HREF="#top">Take Me To The Top</A>


Save, and view it in a browser.

I am going to add a few more internal targets, one for the numbered and unnumbered list. If you do this also, your code will look like this:


Now we know how to link within out document.

When you are ready , we can move on to our final lesson, lesson 10, email links and horizontal rules



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